Feminist Dalit Organization (FEDO)

This piece was first published on 4th April 2015 on DHM’s social media handles. It is now being republished on medium.com

Today’s #dalithistory post is a reminder that Dalit resistance to caste is everywhere in South Asia.

Our experiences of caste discrimination may be hidden within the larger histories of our countries but we refuse to be silenced! In that spirit, we share the trailblazing work of the Feminist Dalit Organization (FEDO) which was founded in 1994 by a group of courageous and conscious Dalit women working for Dalit women’s rights and their empowerment in Nepal.

With the lives of over 3.3 million Dalits in the balance, FEDO’s target is Dalit women stating, “Dalits make up 13–20% of the total population of Nepal and Dalit women who make up half of that have been socially humiliated, devoid of economic access, deprived of education and are without political representation for generations. Therefore, Dalit women continue to be exploited by the traditional feudalistic state. Realising these facts, we appeal that during the restructuring of the state, representation of Dalit women be guaranteed in all bodies of the state, for social justice, to guarantee the rights of women, for ending impunity and for proportional representation of Dalit women in the state structure. We also declare that our struggle will continue until our demands are met.”

FEDO is led by its founder President Durga Sob, who has been a life-long advocate for Dalit rights and co-chairs the Asia Dalit Rights Forum. Since its inception, FEDO has been able to achieve significant impact by working in over 56 districts in Nepal with a network of over 50,000 Dalit women organised into 2000 Dalit women groups.

FEDO has also rigorously pressured the Government of Nepal to recognise Dalit issues as essential issues whose solutions need to be incorporated in both policy and practice. This includes spearheading the lobbying and advocacy for the election of 25 Dalit women who were the first Dalit women to get elected to the Nepalese Constituent Assembly.

FEDO is currently pushing for the inclusion of fair rights and protections in the future Constitution of Nepal.



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Dalit History Month

Dalit History Month


Redefining the History of the Subcontinent through a Dalit lens. Participatory Community History Project